Terpenes are compounds found in cannabis and many other plants, fruits, herbs, vegetables and spices- and well, due to the hops, they are even found in beer. To put it simply, terpenes are the aromatic oils that give your favourite cannabis varieties distinctive flavours like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. They play a significant role in the therapeutic and medicinal use of cannabis strains by creating subtle differences in effects across various types. Limonene for example, a terpene often extracted from orange peels, but also found in cannabis, has been shown to have properties that can relieve stress and inflammation. There are hundreds of different types of terpenes found in different strains of cannabis, and when consumed in conjunction with CBD, terpenes can have different effects on the body. To put this into perspective, let’s discuss the “entourage effect.”
Think of an orange. If we refine an orange enough we may begin to remove beneficial components like vitamins and minerals, until we are left with only sugar. The entourage effect works on the notion that cannabis extracts like CBD oil is more therapeutic and effective when it is consumed in conjunction with other naturally occurring chemicals in the plant such as terpenes. In a nut-shell, various terpenes have been shown to have various potential effects, including; anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-anxiety, mood-elevation, pain-relief, memory-enhancement and so on.